Representing an updated and comprehensive effort in this area of study, this catalogue discusses watermarks in the papers used by rembrandt the. Of the prints so far examined 99 are on paper bearing a watermark and 42 different watermarks occur all these modes were consistent with the intense esteem whistler held for the works of rembrandt van rijn (1606–1669), whose etchings he had long known through the collection of his brother-in-law seymour haden. With rembrandt¹² watermark research con rmed this sugges- tion, and proved that rembrandt used the same stock of print- ing paper in leiden as van vliet until he moved to amsterdam in 1633¹³ the signature on both prints, “rembrandt f cum privile”,demonstrates that they belong to rembrandt's oeuvre. Frederick goulding, the london printer engaged by whistler's executrix for the posthumous editions, tended to cut his sheets to print size in ways which preserved a watermark entire whistler had no such regard and, like rembrandt ( in whose lifetime good paper was immensely expensive), cut his paper parsimoniously. The rembrandt etchings were treated primarily with the aim of conserving them minimal interventions were made in order to ensure their optimal condition for future preservation the prints were photographed, front and back, both before and after the procedures watermarks, if present in the paper, were photographed.
Rembrandt produced only a single state of the plate, but watermark evidence indicates that he reprinted it several times, occasionally (as in fig 1) using the oriental paper he reserved for special impressions the loose, sketchy handling of the figures and their surroundings led early cataloguers such as. That's very confusing to me i have taken my etching out of the frame and taken new photos (available through the link above) i can see that it is on laid paper, but i don't know how to judge how old it is there are no watermarks i have put up some photos of the etching taken against the light (they are a bit. Results 1 - 17 bern, switzerland: gallerie kornfeld, 1979 4to stiff paper wrappers 38 pages, plates text in german table of contents, biographical sketch of rembrandt's life essays about rembrandt's life, the paper he used, his watermarks, and other subjects, with black and white illustrations frontispiece 140 black and. Database name: international database of watermarks and paper used for prints and drawings c 1450-1800 (niki-pd) url: http://wwwwm-portalnet/niki/ indexphp records quantity: records documents period: c 550 online , c 1500 off-line documents area: c 1450-1800 documents type: prints.
From early on, paper mills have marked their papers with watermarks it is well documented, for example, that until about 1520 dürer frequently used paper with a watermark in the shape of a bull's head, and that early impressions of certain prints etched by rembrandt during the 1640s appear on paper. When researching a rembrandt impression, we consider the image and sheet size, the type of paper on which the work is printed, and the watermark (if there is one) we consult nowell-eusticke, the authoritative catalogue raisonné for the artist, compare our results against the volumes by hind and white & boon, and turn.
Watermark portal an online database for watermarks and papers used for prints and drawings nederlands interuniversitair kunsthistorisch instituut te florence all the watermarks known of iii to v state of the three crosses print are strasbourg bend, that as to say rembrandt printed the three states on the same paper. Watermarks in rembrandt's prints with a contribution by jan piet filedt kokwashing- ton, dc: national gallery of art, 1998 253 pages, hardcover, $45available from the national gallery of art, (800) 697-9350 isbn 0-89468-233-4 paper conservators nancy ash and shelley fletcher, of the philadelphia. 2000 on paper and watermarks: artemis & sotheby's 1995 a collection of etchings by rembrandt harmensz van rijn (1606–1669) formed by joseph r ritman, london and new york (artemis & sotheby's) 1995 ash & fletcher 1998 ash, nancy fletcher, shelly: watermarks in rembrandt prints.
The origins of heawood's source papers range from 1610 to 1718, demonstrating that the 'foolscap' watermark was, essentially, a style of the 17th century portrait study that sheet may have been formed earlier, as rembrandt was known to have held a stock of papers he selected from to suit images he wished to print. 1663-67)4 another impression of the third state, in the rijksprentenkabinet, amsterdam, is printed on paper with a closely related watermark5 footnotes 1 see boudewijn bakker, langhuis and stolp: rembrandt's farm drawings and prints, in cynthia p schneider et al, rembrandt's landscapes: drawings and prints. Many of the so-called peintre-graveurs such as albrecht d¸rer, parmigianino and rembrandt made prints as well as drawings sometimes their prints are dated if the paper of these prints have identical watermarks, they may well help establishing dates and authenticity of undated prints and drawings by the same artist and.